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Financial Highlights

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EBITDA (before industry fee) (QR m)​

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Capital Expenditure (QR m)

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Net Profit/(Loss) (QR m)

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Net Profit Excluding License Amortization​

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Free Cash Flow (QR m)

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Net Financing Position (QR m)

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Annual Sharia Report

Annual Sharia Report of Vodafone Qatar For the Fiscal Year Ending 31/12/2018


Dear Shareholders,

All praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger Mohammed and upon his family and companions, Based on the letter of assignment, we present to you our annual report:

First – Based on the company's commitment to the provisions of the Islamic Shariah, we have arranged the legally accepted contracts, reviewed the contracts, and channeled the company's diversified activities in a manner that does not contradict the provisions of Islamic Shariah.

Second – With the management of the company, we have supervised the placement of funds by developing rules and regulations in conformity with the Shariah, and we have geared these placements towards the benefit of the company, without any conflict with the provisions of Islamic Shariah’s law.

Third – We have supervised directly the Shariah’s abiding internal audit and review with the help of an independent company that submitted its reports to us. In this regard, we have discussed the report and presented our observations, in regard to the Islamic law, to the management of the company. Moreover, we have studied and discussed them to take appropriate corrective actions and complete the Islamic law requirements.

Fourth – We have answered questions about the activities that the company wants to undertake.

Fifth – The responsibility for implementation rests with the management of the company. Our responsibility is limited to expressing an independent opinion based on what was presented to us and what we have perused in regard to the operations and activities of the company and preparing this report for you.

In our opinion:

  1. The financial statements for the year ended 31/12/2018, which we have reviewed and discussed with the financial management, do not contradict the provisions of Islamic Shariah’s law.
  2. The contracts and agreements concluded by the company during the year ended 31/12/2018, which we have reviewed and audited, in their entirety, do not conflict with the provisions of Islamic Shariah’s law.
  3. The responsibility to pay Zakat lies with the shareholders and not the company; therefore, we will calculate it separately in addition to the outstanding Zakat statement from the company (the value of Zakat per share for the investor) for the year ended 31/12/2018.

Finally, we pray that Allah bless everyone's efforts in abiding by the provisions of the Shariah and contributing to the development and prosperity of this dear country.

 

Prayers and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions.

Peace, mercy and blessings of God be upon you.

 
Prof. Dr. Ali M. Al-Quradaghi 

Sharia Advisor of Vodafone Qatar

Independent Auditors Report

Independent auditors report

Our opinion

We have audited the financial statements of Vodafone Qatar P.Q.S.C (the “Company”), which comprise the statement of financial position as at December 31, 2018, and the statement of income, statement of comprehensive income, statement of changes in equity and statement of cash flows for the year then ended, and notes to the financial statements, including a summary of significant accounting policies.

In our opinion, the accompanying financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as at December 31, 2018, and its financial performance and its cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs).

Basis for Opinion

We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (ISAs). Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the Company in accordance with the International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants’ Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants (IESBA Code) together with the other ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the Company’s financial statements in the State of Qatar, and we have fulfilled our other responsibilities under those ethical requirements. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.

Emphasis of Matter

We draw attention to Note 1 in the accompanying financial statements, which refers to the fact that, during 2017, the financial year-end of the Company was changed from 31 March to 31 December, and its effect on the financial statements. Our opinion is not modified in respect of this matter.

Key Audit Matters

Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgment, were of most significance in our audit of the financial statements of the current year. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon, and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.

Key audit matter
Accuracy of revenue recognition and controls around IT subsystems​

The Company reported revenue of QR. 2,101,061 thousand from telecommunication and related activities.

There is an inherent risk around the accuracy of revenue recognised given the complexity of the systems and business products and services. Complex IT systems are used in processing large volume of data through a number of different systems.

Further, the Company adopted IFRS 15 Revenue from Contract with Customers, from January 1, 2018 and updated its revenue recognition policy. The Company has selected the modified retrospective method, which led to an increase in the opening retained earnings by QR. 1,415 thousand at the date of initial application.

The following notes to the financial statements contain the relevant information related to the above discussed matters:
Note 3 – Significant Accounting Policies
Note 5 – Revenue
Note 27 – Critical Accounting Judgments and Key Sources of Estimation Uncertainty

How our audit addressed the Key audit matter

Our audit approach included a combination of test of controls and substantive procedures, in particular, the following:

  • Understanding the significant revenue processes and identifying the relevant controls, IT systems, interfaces and reports;
  • Understanding the control environment and testing the general IT controls over the main systems and applications involved in the revenue recording process.
  • Evaluating the design and testing the operating effectiveness of automated controls in the IT environment in which the core network and related systems reside, covering pervasive IT risks around access security, change management, data center and network operations;
  • Performing tests on the accuracy of customer bill on a sample basis and analytical procedures on significant revenue streams; and
  • Assessing the appropriateness of the Company’s accounting policy and the compliance of revenue recognized therewith.
Key audit matter
Carrying value of the intangible assets​

As at December 31, 2018, the carrying value of the Company’s intangible assets amounted to QR. 4,428,490 thousand.

We focused on the area because of judgments involved about the future results and key assumptions involved in management’s assessment of the carrying value. The inputs that are used in the calculation of the recoverable amount require significant judgments and estimates specifically on future projections, growth rates and discount rate.

Further, management has assessed the Company as one cash-generating unit due to the interdependency of cash flow derived from mobile and fixed business.

The following notes to the financial statements contain the relevant information related to the above discussed matters:
Note 13 – Intangible Assets
Note 27 – Critical Accounting Judgments and Key Sources of Estimation Uncertainty

How our audit addressed the key audit matters

Our audit procedures included an assessment of the design and implementation of controls over the impairment assessment process.

Furthermore, we evaluated the model prepared by management to compute the recoverable amount against the requirement of IAS 36 Impairment of Assets.

We determined the appropriateness of the key assumptions on management’s forecast on the future operating cash flows, the long-term growth rate and the discount rate. Our procedures mainly included challenging management on the suitability of the impairment model and reasonableness of the assumptions used through performing the following:

  • Agreed the cash flow forecasts used in the impairment model to Board approved business plan;
  • Corroborated management’s expectations used in the model in respect of developments in the business against planned operational improvements, and assessed the reasonableness of future cash flows and whether these were appropriately reflected in the cash flow forecasts; and
  • Compared actual historical cash flow results with previous forecasts to assess forecasting accuracy.

We used internal specialists to corroborate the forecast, the long-term growth rate and the discount rate used by management against internally approved plans and/ or external market data.

We independently recomputed the sensitivity analysis on what we considered to be reasonable possible changes in the key assumptions to ascertain the extent of change in those assumptions that either individually or collectively would be required for an additional impairment charge.

Other Matter

The financial statements of the Company for the nine-month period ended December 31, 2017 were audited by another auditor who expressed an unmodified opinion on those statements on February 26, 2018.

Other Information

Management is responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the Board of Directors’ report, but does not include the financial statements and our auditor’s report thereon, which we obtained prior to the date of this auditor’s report, and the Annual Report, which is expected to be made available to us after that date.

Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not and will not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.

In connection with our audit of the financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information identified above and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit, or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.

If, based on the work we have performed on the other information that we obtained prior to the date of this auditor’s report, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.

When we read the Annual Report, if we conclude that there is a material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance.

Responsibilities of Management and Those Charged with Governance for the Financial Statements

Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of the financial statements in accordance with IFRSs and applicable provisions of Qatar Commercial Companies Law, and the Company’s Articles of Association, and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

In preparing the financial statements, management is responsible for assessing the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless management either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.

Those charged with governance are responsible for overseeing the Company’s financial reporting process.

Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements

Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor’s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with ISAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.

As part of an audit in accordance with ISAs, we exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:

  • Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risk, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than the one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omission, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
  • Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the internal controls.
  • Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
  • Conclude on the appropriateness of management’s use of the going concern basis of accounting and, based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor’s report to the related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor’s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
  • Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.

We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.

We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.

From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the financial statements of the current year and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor’s report unless law and regulations preclude public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.

Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements

Further, as required by the Qatar Commercial Companies Law, we report the following:

  • We are of the opinion that proper books of account were maintained by the Company, physical inventory verification has been duly carried out and the contents of the director’s report are in agreement with the Company’s financial statements.
  • We obtained all the information and explanations which we considered necessary for our audit.
  • To the best of our knowledge and belief and according to the information given to us, no contraventions of the applicable provisions of Qatar Commercial Companies Law and the Company’s Articles of Associations were committed during the year which would materially affect the Company’s financial position or its financial performance.
 

For Deloitte & Touche - Qatar Branch

License No. 319 QFMA Auditor License No. 120156

 

Walid Slim - Partner

Doha - Qatar 
February 11, 2019

Statement of Income

Statement Of Income

For the nine month period ended 31 December 2018

financial report chart

Statement of Comprehensive Income

Statement Of Comprehensive Income

For the nine month period ended 31 December 2018
statement of comprehensive income chart

Statement of Financial Position

Statement Of Financial Position

As at 31 December 2018
financial position report

Statement of Changes in Equity

Statement Of Changes In Equity

For the nine month period ended 31 December 2018

statement changes of equity report

Statement of Cash Flows

Statement Of Cash Flows

For the nine month period ended 31 December 2018
statement of cash flows  report

Notes to the Financial Statements

For the nine month period ended 31 December 2018

1. INCORPORATION AND PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES

Vodafone Qatar P.Q.S.C. (the “Company”) is registered as a Qatari Shareholding Company for a twenty- five year period (which may be extended by a resolution passed at a General Assembly) under Article 68 of the Qatar Commercial Companies Law Number 5 of 2002. The Company was registered with the Commercial Register of the Ministry of Economy and Commerce on 23 June 2008 under Commercial Registration No: 39656. The shares of the Company are listed on the Qatar Exchange.

Vodafone Group Plc was the ultimate parent of the Company until March 2018. However, pursuant to change in ownership of the immediate parent company i.e. Vodafone & Qatar Foundation LLC during the year, Qatar Foundation has now become the ultimate parent of the Company.

The Company is licensed by the Ministry of Transport and Communications (formerly Supreme Council of Information and Communication Technology (ictQATAR)) to provide both fixed and mobile telecommunications services in the State of Qatar. The conduct and activities of the Company are primarily regulated by the Communications Regulatory Authority (CRA) pursuant to Law No. 34 of 2006 (Telecommunications Law), the terms of its mobile and fixed licences and applicable regulation.

The Company is engaged in providing cellular mobile telecommunication services, fixed line services and selling related equipment and accessories. The operations and activities of the Company are confirmed as being Sharia compliant. The Company’s head office is located in Doha, State of Qatar and its registered address is P.O. Box 27727, Qatar Science and Technology Park, Doha, State of Qatar.

Qatar Commercial Companies Law No. 11 of 2015 (the “new Commercial Companies Law”) which is applicable to the Company came into effect from 7 August 2015. The Company revised its Articles of Association to achieve compliance with the new Commercial Companies Law which necessitated a number of amendments to the Articles of Association. The relevant amendments to the Articles of Association were approved by the Company’s Extraordinary General Assembly (“EGA”) held on 25 July 2016.

The final form of the amended and restated Articles of Association were approved and validated by the Ministry of Economy and Commerce on 24 April 2017 and the Ministry of Justice on 1 June 2017 and published by the Ministry of Economy and Commerce in the Official Gazette on 10 September 2017.

The Company held an EGA on 18 October 2017, where the shareholders approved certain changes to the Articles of Association to more closely align the Company with other listed companies in Qatar, allowing the Company to incorporate the recently issued Corporate Governance Rules for listed entities issued by Qatar Financial Markets Authority (QFMA) and to set the Company for future growth. At the EGA, the shareholders approved changing the financial year end of the Company from 31 March to 31 December. The change in financial year end was approved and validated by Ministry of Finance Tax Department on 9 November 2017. The amended and restated Articles of Association of the Company were approved by the Ministry of Economy and Commerce on 23 January 2018. The Ministry of Justice also approved the amended and restated Articles of Association, including the change in financial year end, on 31 January 2018. The authenticated and approved Articles of Association was re-submitted to the Ministry of Economy and Commerce and published in Official Gazette Volume 6 on 11 March 2018. Other amendments to the Articles of Association approved by the shareholders include changes to the procedures for election of the Chairman, granting permission for the Company to enter into potential financing arrangements and to grant security in respect of such financing arrangements and the introduction of a limit of 5% on individual shareholding in the Company, with certain exceptions.

On 25 March 2018, the Company was granted a 40 years’ extension to its Public Mobile Telecommunications Network and Services Licence (the “Licence”) as a result of which the Licence will expire on 28 June 2068.

To extinguish accumulated losses associated with the amortisation costs of the Company’s Telecommunications Networks and Services Licence, the Company implemented a reduction in the share capital from QR 8,454 million to QR 4,227 million by means of reducing the nominal value of the shares of the Company from QR 10 per share to QR 5 per share in accordance with the relevant provisions of Articles 201 to 204 of the Commercial Companies Law No.11 of 2015, and the Articles of Association of the Company. The remaining balance of accumulated losses was extinguished by transferring an amount of QR 40.45 million from distributable profits to accumulated losses. The Company obtained its shareholders’ approval at the Company’s Extraordinary General Assembly held on 19 March 2018. The capital reduction was approved by Qatar Financial Markets Authority on 19 September 2018 and by Ministry of Economy and Commerce on 11 October 2018 together with the approval of the amended Articles of Association. The authenticated and approved Articles of Association were published in the Official Gazette on 18 November 2018.

The capital reduction transaction took effect on 15 November 2018 and has no impact whatsoever on value or the number of the shares held by shareholders or on the total equity, cash position or financial liquidity of the Company.

2. BASIS OF PREPARATION

Statement of compliance

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and applicable provisions of Qatar Commercial Company Law.

Accounting convention

The financial statements are prepared on a historical cost basis.

Functional and presentation currency

These financial statements are presented in Qatari Riyals, which is the Company’s functional and presentation currency. All the financial information presented in Qatari Riyals has been rounded off to the nearest thousand (QR’000) unless indicated otherwise.

Change in financial year end

The financial year end of the Company was changed from 31 March to 31 December during 2017 to publish annual financial statements of the Company in line with the annual reporting conventions of companies listed on Qatar Stock Exchange. Accordingly, the financial statements for the comparative period were prepared for the nine-month period from 1 April 2017 to 31 December 2017 and as a result, the comparative figures stated in the statement of income, statement of comprehensive income, statement of changes in equity, statement of cash flow and the related notes are not directly comparable.

Use of estimates and judgments

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting year. For a discussion on the Company’s critical accounting estimates see “Critical Accounting Estimates” under note 27. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period or in the period of the revision and future periods if the revision affects both current and future periods.

Earnings before financing income/costs, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)

EBITDA has been a key external measure used by the Company to explain the financial performance to shareholders and others and has been presented as part of the statement of income.

3. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The following accounting policies are consistently applied in the preparation of the financial statements:

Revenue recognition – [Upon adoption of IFRS 15 – applicable from 1 January 2018]

The Company recognises revenue from providing the following telecommunication services: access charges, airtime usage, messaging, interconnect fees, data broadband services and information provision, connection fees and equipment sales.

Revenue is measured based on the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in a contract with a customer and excludes amounts collected on behalf of third parties. The Company recognises revenue when it transfers control of a product or service to a customer.

The Company sells equipment/accessories both to the wholesale market and directly to customers through its own retail outlets. Sales-related warranties associated with goods cannot be purchased separately and they serve as an assurance that the products sold comply with agreed-upon specifications. Accordingly, the Company accounts for warranties in accordance with IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets consistent with its previous accounting treatment.

For sales of equipment to the wholesale market, revenue is recognised when control of the goods has transferred, being when the goods have been shipped to the wholesaler’s specific location (delivery). Following delivery, the wholesaler has full discretion over the manner of distribution and price to sell the goods, has the primary responsibility when selling the goods and bears the risks of obsolescence and loss in relation to the goods. A receivable is recognised by the Company when the goods are delivered to the wholesaler as this represents the point in time at which the right to consideration becomes unconditional, as only the passage of time is required before payment is due.

For sales of equipment to retail customers, revenue is recognised when control of the goods has transferred, being at the point the customer purchases the goods at the retail outlet. Payment of the transaction price is due immediately at the point the customer purchases the equipment.

Under the Company’s standard contract terms, customers have a right of return within 7 days. The Company uses its accumulated historical experience to estimate the number of returns on a portfolio level using the expected value method. It is considered highly probable that a significant reversal in the cumulative revenue recognised will not occur given the consistent level of immaterial returns over previous years.

Revenue from access charges, airtime usage and messaging by contract customers is recognised as services are performed, with unbilled revenue resulting from services already provided accrued at the end of each period and unearned revenue from services to be provided in future periods deferred. Revenue from the sale of prepaid credit is deferred until such time as the customer uses the airtime, or the credit expires. Revenue from data services and information provision is recognised when the Company has performed the related service and, depending on the nature of the service, is recognised either at the gross amount billed to the customer or the amount receivable by the Company as commission for facilitating the service. Revenue from interconnect fees is recognised at the time the services are performed.

Revenue – [Revenue recognition under IAS 18, applicable before 1 January 2018]

Revenue is recognised to the extent the Company has delivered goods or rendered services under an agreement, the amount of revenue can be measured reliably and it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the Company. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received, exclusive of discounts.

The Company principally obtains revenue from providing the following telecommunication services: access charges, airtime usage, messaging, interconnect fees, data broadband services and information provision, connection fees and equipment sales.

Revenue from access charges, airtime usage and messaging by contract customers is recognised as services are performed. Revenue from the sale of prepaid credit is deferred until such time as the customer uses the airtime, or the credit expires.

Revenue from interconnect fees is recognised at the time the services are performed. Revenue from data services and information provision is recognised when the Company has performed the related service and, depending on the nature of the service, is recognised either at the gross amount billed to the customer or the amount receivable by the Company as commission for facilitating the service.

Revenue for device sales is recognised when the device is delivered to the end customer or to an intermediary when the significant risks and rewards associated with the device are transferred.

Interconnection and other direct expenses

Interconnection and other expenses include interconnection charges, commissions and dealer charges, regulatory costs, cost of equipment sold, bad debt costs and other direct and access costs.

Interconnection and roaming costs

Costs of network interconnection and roaming with other domestic and international telecommunications operators are recognised in the statement of income on an accrual basis based on the actual recorded traffic usage.

Commissions and dealer costs

Intermediaries are given cash incentives by the Company to connect new customers, upgrade existing customers, and distribute recharge cards. These cash incentives are recognised in statement of income on an accrual basis. Commission related to the acquisition of new customers is capitalised and amortised over the contract period.

Regulatory costs

The annual license fee, spectrum charges and numbering charges are accrued as other operational expenses based on the terms of the License Fee Agreement and relevant applicable regulatory framework issued by the CRA.

Operating leases

Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term, except where another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern in which economic benefits from the leased asset are consumed. Contingent rentals arising under operating leases are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred. In the event that lease incentives are received to enter into operating leases, such incentives are recognised as a liability. The aggregate benefit of incentives is recognised as a reduction of rental expense on a straight-line basis, except where another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern in which economic benefits from the leased asset are consumed.

Foreign currencies

Transactions in foreign currencies are initially recorded by the Company at the currency rate prevailing at the date of the transaction. Any differences on settlement of the transaction are immediately recognised in the statement of income. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the functional currency spot rate of exchange ruling at the end of the reporting period. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at reporting period-end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in the statement of income.

Borrowing costs

The borrowing costs (“wakala contract costs”) incurred on funding construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as being part of cost of construction. All other borrowing costs are recognised on an accrual basis using the effective yield method in the statement of income during the year in which they arise.

Income tax

As per Income Tax Law No. 21 of 2009, corporate income tax is levied on companies that are not wholly owned by Qataris or any GCC nationals, based on the net profit of the Company. As per the provisions of the law, the Company is not subject to corporate income tax as it is listed on the Qatar Stock Exchange.

Property, plant and equipment

Recognition and measurement

Furniture and fixtures and network, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses (if any). Assets in the course of construction are carried at cost, less any recognised impairment losses.

The cost of property, plant and equipment includes directly attributable incremental costs incurred in their acquisition and installation. The costs of self-constructed assets include the cost of materials and direct labour, any other costs directly attributable for bringing the assets to a working condition for their intended use, capitalised borrowing costs and estimated discounted costs for dismantling and restoration of the sites, where the Company has an obligation to restore the sites.

Depreciation

Depreciation of these assets commences when the assets are ready for use as intended by the management. Depreciation is charged so as to write off the cost of assets, other than assets under construction, over their estimated useful lives using the straight line method as follows:

Leasehold improvements During the period of the lease
Network infrastructure 4 - 25 years
Other equipment 1 - 5 years
Furniture and fixtures 4 - 8 years
Others 3 - 5 years

Derecognition

An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognised upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. The gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an item of property, plant and equipment is determined as the difference between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognised in the statement of income.

Intangible assets

Identifiable intangible assets are recognised when the Company controls the asset, it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the Company and the cost of the asset can be reliably measured. Intangible assets include license fees, software and indefeasible rights of use (“IRU”). Intangible assets with finite useful lives are subsequently carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment loss, if any.

License

Licence is stated at cost less accumulated amortisation. The amortisation period is determined primarily by reference to the unexpired licence period, the conditions for the licence renewal and whether licences are dependent on specific technologies. Amortisation is charged to the statement of income on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives from the commencement of service of the network. The estimated useful lives of the mobile and fixed line licenses are 60 years and 25 years respectively.

Indefeasible rights of use (“IRU”)

IRUs correspond to the right to use a portion of the capacity of a terrestrial or submarine transmission cable granted for a fixed period. IRUs are recognised at cost as an intangible asset when the Company has the indefeasible right to use a specific asset, generally specific optical fibres or dedicated wavelengths on specific cables, and the duration of the right is for the major part of the underlying asset’s economic life. IRU’s are considered as intangible assets with finite lives based on the contractual period/term.

Other finite lived intangible assets (including software)

Intangible assets with finite lives are stated at acquisition or development cost, less accumulated amortisation. The amortisation period and method is reviewed at least annually. Changes in the expected useful life or the expected pattern of consumption of future economic benefits embodied in the asset is accounted for by changing the amortisation period or method, as appropriate, and are treated as changes in accounting estimates. The amortisation expense on intangible assets with finite lives is recognised in statement of income on a straight line basis (3 to 5 years).

Impairment of assets

Property, plant and equipment and finite lived intangible assets

At the end of each reporting period, the Company reviews the carrying amounts of its property, plant and equipment and finite lived intangible assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent, if any, of the impairment loss. Recoverable amount is the higher of value in use and fair value less cost of disposal. Where it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs.

If the recoverable amount of an asset or cash-generating unit is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset or cash-generating unit is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognised immediately in the statement of income.

Where an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset or cash-generating unit is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, not to exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset or cash-generating unit in prior periods. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognised immediately in the statement of income.

Inventories

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined on the basis of weighted average cost and comprises direct materials and, where applicable, direct labour cost and those overheads that have been incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

Employees’ end of service benefits

The Company provides end of service benefits to its employees. The entitlement to these benefits is based upon the employees' final salary and length of service, subject to the completion of a minimum service period, calculated under the provisions of Qatar Labour Law and is payable upon resignation or termination of the employee. The expected costs of these benefits are accrued over the period of employment.

Provisions

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that the Company will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. The amount recognised as a provision is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the present obligation at the reporting date, taking into account the risks and uncertainties surrounding the obligation. Where a provision is measured using the cash flows estimated to settle the present obligation, its carrying amount is the present value of those cash flows.

Financial Instruments – [Upon adoption of IFRS 9 – applicable from 1 January 2018]
Non-derivative financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognised on the Company’s statement of financial position when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

Financial assets

All regular way purchases or sales of financial assets are recognised and derecognised on a trade date basis. Regular way purchases or sales are purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within the time frame established by regulation or convention in the marketplace. All recognised financial assets are measured subsequently in their entirety at either amortised cost or fair value, depending on the classification of the financial assets.

Classification of financial assets

Debt instruments that meet the following conditions are measured subsequently at amortised cost:

  • the financial asset is held within a business model whose objective is to hold financial assets in order to collect contractual cash flows; and
  • the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding

Debt instruments that meet the following conditions are measured subsequently at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI):

  • the financial asset is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling the financial assets; and
  • the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

By default, all other financial assets are measured subsequently at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL).

Despite the foregoing, the Company may make the following irrevocable election/designation at initial recognition of a financial asset:

  • the Company may irrevocably elect to present subsequent changes in fair value of an equity investment in other comprehensive income if certain criteria are met; and
  • the Company may irrevocably designate a debt investment that meets the amortised cost or FVTOCI criteria as measured at FVTPL if doing so eliminates or significantly reduces an accounting mismatch.

Amortised cost and effective interest rate method

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortised cost of a debt instrument and of allocating interest income over the relevant period.

For financial instruments other than purchased or originated credit-impaired financial assets (i.e. assets that are credit-impaired on initial recognition), the effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts (including all fees and points paid or received that form an integral part of the effective interest rate, transaction costs and other premiums or discounts) excluding expected credit losses, through the expected life of the debt instrument, or, where appropriate, a shorter period, to the gross carrying amount of the debt instrument on initial recognition. For purchased or originated credit-impaired financial assets, a credit-adjusted effective interest rate is calculated by discounting the estimated future cash flows, including expected credit losses, to the amortised cost of the debt instrument on initial recognition.

The amortised cost of a financial asset is the amount at which the financial asset is measured at initial recognition minus the principal repayments, plus the cumulative amortisation using the effective interest method of any difference between that initial amount and the maturity amount, adjusted for any loss allowance. The gross carrying amount of a financial asset is the amortised cost of a financial asset before adjusting for any loss allowance.

Interest income is recognised using the effective interest method for debt instruments measured subsequently at amortised cost and at FVTOCI. For financial instruments other than purchased or originated credit-impaired financial assets, interest income is calculated by applying the effective interest rate to the gross carrying amount of a financial asset, except for financial assets that have subsequently become credit-impaired (see below). For financial assets that have subsequently become credit-impaired, interest income is recognised by applying the effective interest rate to the amortised cost of the financial asset. If, in subsequent reporting periods, the credit risk on the credit-impaired financial instrument improves so that the financial asset is no longer credit-impaired, interest income is recognised by applying the effective interest rate to the gross carrying amount of the financial asset.

For purchased or originated credit-impaired financial assets, the Company recognises interest income by applying the credit-adjusted effective interest rate to the amortised cost of the financial asset from initial recognition. The calculation does not revert to the gross basis even if the credit risk of the financial asset subsequently improves so that the financial asset is no longer credit-impaired.

Financial assets recognised by the Company include:

Trade receivables and contract assets

Trade receivables do not carry any interest and are stated at their nominal value as reduced by appropriate allowances for estimated irrecoverable amounts. Estimated irrecoverable amounts are based on the ageing of the receivable balances, historical experience or when the counterparty has been placed under liquidation or entered into bankruptcy proceedings. Individual trade receivables are provided as per Expected Credit Loss (“ECL”) policy and written off when management deems them not to be collectible based on above mentioned criteria.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand, bank balances and Mudaraba deposits that are readily convertible to a known amount of cash and are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value.

Mudaraba is a short term bank deposit made by the Company under the terms of Sharia principles. The profit from such deposits is accrued in the statement of income on periodic basis.

Derecognition of financial assets

A financial asset (or, where applicable a part of a financial asset or part of a group of similar financial assets) is derecognised where:

  • the contractual rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired;
  • the Company retains the right to receive cash flows from the asset, but has assumed an obligation to pay them in full without material delay to a third party under a ‘pass-through’ arrangement; or
  • the Company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset and either (a) has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, or (b) has neither transferred nor retained substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, but has transferred control of the asset.
Impairment of financial assets

The Company recognises a loss allowance for expected credit losses on trade receivables, contract assets and lease receivables. The amount of expected credit losses is updated at each reporting date to reflect changes in credit risk since initial recognition of the respective financial instrument.

The Company always recognises lifetime expected credit losses for trade receivables, contract assets and other receivables. The expected credit losses on these financial assets are estimated using a provision matrix based on the Company’s historical credit loss experience, adjusted for factors that are specific to the debtors, general economic conditions and an assessment of both the current as well as the forecast direction of conditions at the reporting date, including time value of money where appropriate.

Equity instruments

An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of the Company after deducting all of its liabilities and includes no obligation to deliver cash or other financial assets

Financial liabilities

All financial liabilities are measured subsequently at amortised cost using the effective interest method or at FVTPL. However, financial liabilities that arise when a transfer of a financial asset does not qualify for derecognition or when the continuing involvement approach applies, and financial guarantee contracts issued by the Company, are measured in accordance with the specific accounting policies set out below.

Financial liabilities at FVTPL

Financial liabilities are classified as at FVTPL when the financial liability is (i) contingent consideration of an acquirer in a business combination, (ii) held for trading or (iii) it is designated as at FVTPL.

A financial liability is classified as held for trading if:

  • it has been acquired principally for the purpose of repurchasing it in the near term; or
  • on initial recognition it is part of a portfolio of identified financial instruments that the Company manages together and has a recent actual pattern of short-term profit-taking; or
  • it is a derivative, except for a derivative that is a financial guarantee contract or a designated and effective hedging instrument

A financial liability other than a financial liability held for trading or contingent consideration of an acquirer in a business combination may be designated as at FVTPL upon initial recognition if:

  • such designation eliminates or significantly reduces a measurement or recognition inconsistency that would otherwise arise; or
  • the financial liability forms part of a Company’ financial assets or financial liabilities or both, which is managed and its performance is evaluated on a fair value basis, in accordance with the Company’s documented risk management or investment strategy, and information about the same is provided internally on that basis; or
  • it forms part of a contract containing one or more embedded derivatives, and IFRS 9 permits the entire combined contract to be designated as at FVTPL.

Financial liabilities at FVTPL are stated at fair value, with any gains or losses arising on changes in fair value recognised in profit or loss to the extent that they are not part of a designated hedging relationship. The net gain or loss recognised in profit or loss incorporates any interest paid on the financial liability.

However, for financial liabilities that are designated as at FVTPL, the amount of change in the fair value of the financial liability that is attributable to changes in the credit risk of that liability is recognised in other comprehensive income, unless the recognition of the effects of changes in the liability’s credit risk in other comprehensive income would create or enlarge an accounting mismatch in profit or loss. The remaining amount of change in the fair value of liability is recognised in profit or loss. Changes in fair value attributable to a financial liability’s credit risk that are recognised in other comprehensive income are not subsequently reclassified to profit or loss; instead, they are transferred to retained earnings upon derecognition of the financial liability.

Gains or losses on financial guarantee contracts issued by the Company that are designated by the Company as at FVTPL are recognised in profit or loss.

Financial liabilities measured subsequently at amortised cost

Financial liabilities that are not (i) contingent consideration of an acquirer in a business combination, (ii) held-for-trading, or (iii) designated as at FVTPL, are measured subsequently at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortised cost of a financial liability and of allocating interest expense over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash payments (including all fees and points paid or received that form an integral part of the effective interest rate, transaction costs and other premiums or discounts) through the expected life of the financial liability, or (where appropriate) a shorter period, to the amortised cost of a financial liability

Financial guarantee contract liabilities

A financial guarantee contract is a contract that requires the issuer to make specified payments to reimburse the holder for a loss it incurs because a specified debtor fails to make payments when due in accordance with the terms of a debt instrument.

Financial guarantee contract liabilities are measured initially at their fair values and, if not designated as at FVTPL and do not arise from a transfer of an asset, are measured subsequently at the higher of:

  • the amount of the loss allowance determined in accordance with IFRS 9 (see financial assets above); and
  • the amount recognised initially less, where appropriate, cumulative amortisation recognised in accordance with the revenue recognition policies set out above.

Foreign exchange gains and losses

For financial liabilities that are denominated in a foreign currency and are measured at amortised cost at the end of each reporting period, the foreign exchange gains and losses are determined based on the amortised cost of the instruments. Foreign exchange gains and losses on financial liabilities that are not part of a designated hedging relationship are recognised in statement of income. For those which are designated as a hedging instrument for a hedge of foreign currency risk foreign exchange gains and losses are recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated in a separate component of equity.

The fair value of financial liabilities denominated in a foreign currency is determined in that foreign currency and translated at the spot rate at the end of the reporting period. For financial liabilities that are measured as at FVTPL, the foreign exchange component forms part of the fair value gains or losses and is recognised in profit or loss for financial liabilities that are not part of a designated hedging relationship.

Financial liabilities recognised by the Company include:

Trade payables

Trade payables are not interest bearing and are stated at their nominal value.

Wakala contract liabilities

The Company entered into a wakala contract in the capacity of a wakil. Wakala is an agreement between two parties whereby one party (the “Muwakkil”) provides funds (“Investment Amount”) to an agent (the “Wakil”), to invest on their behalf in accordance with the principles of Sharia. The Investment Amount is available for unrestricted use for capital expenditure, operational expenses and for settlement of liabilities. If profits are made, the Wakil will pay an agreed-upon share of these profits to the Muwakkil. The Investment Amount is repaid back at the end of the investment period along with any accumulated profits. Hence Wakala contract are stated at amortised cost in the statement of financial position. The attributable profits are recognised as wakala contract costs in the statement of income on a time apportionment basis, taking account of the anticipated profit rate and the balance outstanding.

Equity instruments

Ordinary shares issued by the Company are classified as equity.

Derecognition of financial liabilities

A financial liability is derecognised when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. Where an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as a derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability, and the difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognised in the statement of income.

Financial instruments – [Financial instruments under IAS 39, applicable before 1 January 2018]
Non-derivative financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognised on the Company’s statement of financial position when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

Financial assets

Financial assets recognised by the Company include:

Trade receivables

Trade receivables do not carry any interest and are stated at their nominal value as reduced by appropriate allowances for estimated irrecoverable amounts. Estimated irrecoverable amounts are based on the ageing of the receivable balances and historical experience. Individual trade receivables are written off when management deems them not to be collectible.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash on hand, bank balances and Mudaraba deposits that are readily convertible to a known amount of cash and are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value.

Mudaraba is a short term bank deposit made by the Company under the terms of Sharia principles. The profit from such deposits is accrued in the statement of income on periodic basis.

Derecognition of financial assets

A financial asset (or, where applicable a part of a financial asset or part of a group of similar financial assets) is derecognised where:

  • the contractual rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired;
  • the Company retains the right to receive cash flows from the asset, but has assumed an obligation to pay them in full without material delay to a third party under a ‘pass-through’ arrangement; or
  • the Company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset and either (a) has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, or (b) has neither transferred nor retained substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, but has transferred control of the asset.
Financial liabilities and equity instruments

Financial liabilities and equity instruments issued by the Company are classified according to the substance of the contractual arrangements entered into and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument. An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of the Company after deducting all of its liabilities and includes no obligation to deliver cash or other financial assets. The accounting policies adopted for specific financial liabilities and equity instruments are set out below.

Trade payables

Trade payables are not interest bearing and are stated at their nominal value.

Wakala contract

The Company entered into a wakala contract in the capacity of a wakil. Wakala is an agreement between two parties whereby one party (the “Muwakkil”) provides funds (“Investment Amount”) to an agent (the “Wakil”), to invest on their behalf in accordance with the principles of Sharia. The Investment Amount is available for unrestricted use for capital expenditure, operational expenses and for settlement of liabilities. If profits are made, the Wakil will pay an agreed-upon share of these profits to the Muwakkil. The Investment Amount is repaid back at the end of the investment period along with any accumulated profits. Hence the wakala contract is stated at amortised cost in the statement of financial position. The attributable profits are recognised as wakala contract costs in the statement of income on a time apportionment basis, taking account of the anticipated profit rate and the balance outstanding.

Equity instruments

Ordinary shares issued by the Company are classified as equity.

Derecognition of financial liabilities

A financial liability is derecognised when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. Where an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as a derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability, and the difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognised in the statement of income.

Derivative financial instruments

The Company uses derivative financial instruments to reduce its financial risks due to changes in foreign exchange rates. Derivative financial instruments are initially measured at fair value on the contract date and are subsequently remeasured to fair value at each reporting date.

Impairment of financial assets

Financial assets, other than those at fair value through profit and loss, are assessed for indicators of impairment at reporting date. Financial assets are impaired where there is objective evidence that, as a result of one or more events that occurred after the initial recognition of the financial asset, the estimated future cash flows of the investment have been impacted. For trade receivables, objective evidence of impairment could include: (i) significant financial difficulty of the issuer or counterparty; (ii) default or delinquency in interest or principal payments; or (iii) it is becoming probable that the borrower will enter bankruptcy or financial re-organisation.

For certain categories of financial assets, such as trade receivables, assets that are assessed not to be impaired individually are subsequently assessed for impairment on a collective basis. Objective evidence of impairment for a portfolio of receivables could include the Company’s past experience of collecting payments, an increase in the number of delayed payments in the portfolio past the average credit period, as well as observable changes in national or local economic conditions that correlate with default on receivables. For financial assets carried at amortised cost, the amount of the impairment is the difference between the asset’s carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows, discounted at the financial asset’s original effective interest rate.

Dividend on ordinary share capital

Dividend distributions to the Company’s shareholders are recognised as a liability in the financial statements in the period in which the dividend is approved by the shareholders. Dividend for the year that is approved after the statement of financial position date is dealt with as a non-adjusting event after the balance sheet date.

4. SEGMENT REPORTING

Operating segments are components that engage in business activities that may earn revenues or incur expenses, whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker (CODM), and for which discrete financial information is available. The CODM is the person or group of persons who allocates resources and assesses the performance of the components. The functions of the CODM are performed by the Board of Directors of the Company

(a) Description of products and services from which each reportable segment derives its revenue and factors that management used to identify the reportable segments

The Company only operates in Qatar and is therefore viewed to operate in one geographical area. Management also views that its mobile business is the main operating segment of the Company. Fixed line services are reported in the same operating segment as they are currently insignificant to the overall business. The Company does not have any customer segment for which the revenues exceeds 10% of the total revenue of the Company.

(b) Measurement of operating segment profit or loss, assets and liabilities

The CODM reviews financial information prepared based on IFRS adjusted to meet the requirements of internal reporting. Such financial information does not significantly differ from that presented in these financial statements.

5. REVENUE

revenue table

The transaction price allocated to (partially) unsatisfied performance obligations at 31 December 2018 amounted to QR143 million. As permitted under the transitional provisions in IFRS 15, the transaction price allocated to (partially) unsatisfied performance obligations as of 31 December 2017 is not disclosed.

Management expects 100% of the transaction price allocated to the unsatisfied contracts as of the year ended 31 December 2018 will be recognised as revenue during the next reporting period.

6. INTERCONNECTION AND OTHER DIRECT EXPENSES

Interconnection And Other Direct Expenses Table

7. NETWORK, RENTALS AND OTHER OPERATIONAL EXPENSES

NETWORK, RENTALS AND OTHER OPERATIONAL EXPENSES Table

8. OTHER INCOME

This represents compensation from a network vendor on account of network outage experienced by the Company in July 2017.

9. OTHER FINANCING COSTS

Other financing costs include withholding tax payable on previous financing arrangement and unwinding of discounted portion of asset retirement obligations (note 22.1). This does not include any interest payments to third parties.

10. INDUSTRY FEE

In accordance with its operating licenses for Public Telecommunications Networks and Services granted in Qatar by ictQatar, now referred to as the Communications Regulatory Authority (CRA), the Company is liable to pay to the CRA an annual industry fee which is calculated at 12.5% of adjusted net profit on regulated activities undertaken in Qatar. Previously, the Company was making losses and therefore, was not liable to any industry fee.

11. BASIC AND DILUTED EARNINGS/ (LOSS) PER SHARE

Basic And Diluted Loss Per Share Table

12. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

Property, Plant And Equipment Table

13. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Intangible Assets Table

13.1 During the year, the Company was granted a 40 years’ extension to its Public Mobile Telecommunications Network and Services Licence (the “Licence”) at no additional cost. As a result of the extension, the Licence will expire on 28 June 2068 as it was originally granted to the Company on 29 June 2008 for a period of 20 years. The extension of the Licence and its useful economic life has resulted in a substantial reduction in the amortisation charge for the year..

13.2 The net book value of software includes software under development amounting to QR 37.2 million (31 December 2017: QR 4.66 million) which are not amortised.

14. TRADE AND OTHER RECEIVABLES

Trade And Other Receivables Table

No interest is charged on outstanding trade receivables. The Company measures the loss allowance for trade receivables at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit loss (“ECL”). The expected credit losses on trade receivables are estimated using a provision matrix by reference to past default experience of the debtor and an analysis of the debtor’s current financial position, adjusted for factors that are specific to the debtors, general economic conditions of the industry in which the debtors operate and an assessment of both the current as well as the forecast direction of conditions at the reporting date. The Company has recognised a loss allowance of 100% against all non-government receivables over 180 days past due because historical experience has indicated that these receivables are generally not recoverable.

The Company writes off a trade receivable when there is information indicating that the debtor is in severe financial difficulty and there is no realistic prospect of recovery, e.g. when the debtor has been placed under liquidation or has entered into bankruptcy proceedings, or when the trade receivables are over two years past due, whichever occurs earlier.

Measurement of the expected credit loss allowance

The measurement of the expected credit loss allowance for financial assets measured at amortised cost is an area that requires the use of complex models and significant assumptions about future economic conditions and credit behaviour (e.g. the likelihood of customers defaulting and the resulting losses).

Elements of the ECL models that are considered accounting judgments and estimates include:

  • development of ECL models, including the various formulas and choice of inputs
  • determining the criteria if there has been a significant increase in credit risk and so allowances for financial assets should be measured on a lifetime ECL basis and the qualitative assessment;
  • the segmentation of financial assets when their ECL is assessed on a collective basis; and
  • determination of associations between macroeconomic scenarios and, economic inputs, and their effect on probability of default (PDs), exposure at default (EADs) and loss given default (LGDs)

Selection of forward-looking macroeconomic scenarios and their probability weightings, to derive the economic inputs into the ECL models. It has been the Company’s policy to regularly review its models in the context of actual loss experience and adjust when necessary.

The following table details the risk profile of trade receivables based on the Company’s provision matrix.

Risk profile Table

There is no loss allowance provided against bank balances, contract asset and due from related parties as there is no material expected credit loss risk associated with these financial assets.

The following table shows the movement in expected credit losses that has been recognised for trade and other receivables:

Movement in expected credit loss Table

15. CONTRACT ASSETS

Amounts relating to contract assets are balances earned but not yet billed to the customers. Any amount previously recognised as a contract asset is reclassified to trade receivables at the point at which it is invoiced to the customer.

Payment for telecommunication services is not due from the customer until the bill run is complete and therefore a contract asset is recognised over the period in which the telecommunication services are performed to represent the Company’s right to consideration for the services transferred to date.

There were no impairment losses recognised on any contract asset in the reporting period (2017: QR Nil). The management of the Company always measure the loss allowance on amounts due from customers at an amount equal to lifetime ECL, taking into account the historical default experience and the future prospects.

16. CONTRACT COSTS

This represents customer acquisition cost incurred by the Company. The amount is classified as a current asset and amortised over customer lock in period.

17. INVENTORIES

Inventories Table

18. CASH AND BANK BALANCES

Cash and bank balances at the end of the financial period as shown in the statement of cash flows are as follows:

Cash and Bank Balances Table

18.1 This comprises funds maintained for uncollected shareholder dividends as per note 23.1.

19. SHARE CAPITAL

Share Capital Table

19.1 During the year, the Company implemented a reduction in share capital from QR 8,454 million to QR 4,227 million by means of reducing the nominal value of the shares of the Company from QR 10 per share to QR 5 per share in accordance with the relevant provisions of Articles 201 to 204 of the Commercial Companies Law No.11 of 2015, and the Articles of Association of the Company. As a result of the capital reduction, accumulated losses and the share capital of the Company reduced by an equal amount (QR 4,227 million).

20. LEGAL RESERVE AND DISTRIBUTABLE PROFITS

The Company was incorporated under Article 68 of the Qatar Commercial Companies’ Law No. 5 of 2002. This law was subsequently replaced by Qatar Commercial Companies Law No.11 of 2015.

The Article of Association were amended after the introduction of Qatar Commercial Companies Law No.11 of 2015 and subsequently approved by the Ministry of Economy and Commerce as described in note 1.

The legal reserve and distributable profits of the Company are determined in line with its Article of Association.

Legal reserve:

The excess of issuance fees collected over the issuance cost during the initial public offering of the ordinary shares has been transferred to the legal reserve as required by Article 154 of Qatar Commercial Companies Law No. 5 of 2002. Further, as per the Articles of Association of the Company, 5% of annual distributable profits should be transferred to a separate legal reserve. The General Assembly may discontinue this deduction if the legal reserve reaches 10% of the paid up capital.

Distributable profits:

As per the Articles of Association of the Company, distributable profits are defined as the reported net profit/loss for the financial year plus amortisation of license fees for the year. Undistributed profits are carried forward and are available for distribution in future periods.

The movement in the balance of distributable profits is as follows:

Legal Reserve and distributable profits table

20.1 Social and sports fund

According to Qatari Law No. 13 for the year 2008 and the related clarifications issued in January 2010, the Company is required to contribute 2.5% of its annual net profits to the State Social and Sports Fund. The clarification relating to Law No. 13 requires the payable amount to be recognised as a distribution of income in the statement of changes in equity.

21. WAKALA CONTRACT

Wakala Cobtact Table

The Company entered into a Sharia compliant wakala contract with Vodafone Finance Limited for USD 330 million on 18 November 2014 (the “Wakala Contract”). The facility has a tenure of five years at an agreed profit share based on six month LIBOR plus a margin of 0.75%. The facility was availed on 15 December 2014. The facility is guaranteed by Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development.

The wakala investment is renewed on 31 March and 30 September every year to reset the profit rates without cash settlement. The accumulated profits are then reinvested by the Muwakkil. The Wakala contract will be due for repayment five years from the origination date unless early termination is initiated by management. Based on due date of payment, this liability has been classified as current on 31 December 2018

The Company secured a new long-term financing facility of QR 911 million on 27 May 2018 from a local bank and plans to settle the existing Wakala Contract using the new facility.

22. PROVISIONS

Provisions Table 1

22.1 Asset retirement obligations

In the course of the Company’s activities, a number of sites and other assets are utilised which are expected to have costs associated with decommissioning. The associated cash outflows are substantially expected to occur at the dates of exit of the assets to which they relate, which are long term in nature.

During the year, the Company recorded an additional provision of QR 9.8 million (31 December 2017: QR 5.8 million) on account of new sites added and unwinding of discount for liability. An amount of QR 6.3 million (31 December 2017: QR 3.3 million) was capitalized as additions of property, plant and equipment which was excluded from the purchase of property, plant, and equipment in statement of cash flows.

22.2 Employees’ end of service benefits

Provisions Table 2

23. TRADE AND OTHER PAYABLES

Trade and other payables Table

24. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Related parties represent the shareholders, directors and key management personnel of the Company and companies controlled, jointly controlled or significantly influenced by those parties.

During the year, there was a change in the ultimate ownership of the Company, as a result of which Vodafone Group Plc controlled entities are no longer related parties of the Company as of reporting date. For that reason, all amounts payable to/receivable from Vodafone Group Plc controlled entities have been reclassified as trade payables, trade receivables or other third party liabilities based on their nature.

For the purpose of faithful representation of events and transactions during the year, presented below is the following:

  • Transactions with Vodafone Group Plc controlled entities until the date of change in the related party status and the balance as of reporting date.
  • Transactions with Qatar Foundation controlled entities
Related Party Transaction Table 1

Goods and services are bought from related parties at prices approved by management, as being on an arm's length basis. Wakala contract has an anticipated profit rate as described in note 21.

Balances arising from transactions with related parties are as follows:

Related Party Transaction Table 2

The receivables from related parties arise mainly from sale transactions which are unsecured in nature and bear no interest. No impairment losses were recognised for balances due from related parties during the period (31 December 2017: Nil). The payables to related parties arise mainly from purchase transactions and bear no interest.

Compensation of key management personnel

Key management personnel include the Board of Directors, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and the executives who directly report to the CEO. Compensation of key management personnel are as follows:

Related Party Transaction Table 3

25. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND RISK MANAGEMENT

Capital management

The following table summarises the capital structure of the Company:

Financial Instruments and risk management Table 1

The Company manages its capital to ensure that it will be able to continue as a going concern while maximising the return to shareholders through the optimisation of the debt and equity balance.

Financial instruments

Significant accounting policies Details of significant policies and methods adopted including the criteria for recognition for the basis of measurement in respect of each class of financial assets and financial liabilities are disclosed in note 3 to these financial statements.

Categories of financial instruments
Financial Instruments and risk management Table 2
Fair value of financial instruments

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, regardless of whether that price is directly observable or estimated using another valuation technique. In estimating the fair value of an asset or a liability, the Company takes into account the characteristics of the asset or liability if market participants would take those characteristics into account when pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date.

The fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities are determined as follows:

  • The fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities with standard terms and conditions and traded on active liquid markets are determined with reference to quoted market bid prices at the close of the business on the reporting date.
  • The fair values of other financial assets and financial liabilities are determined in accordance with generally accepted pricing models based on discounted cash flow analysis using prices from observable current market transactions and dealer quotes for similar instruments.

Fair value measurements are analysed by levels in the fair value hierarchy as follows:

  • Level 1 – Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
  • Level 2 – Inputs other than quoted prices included within level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (that is, as prices) or indirectly (that is, derived from prices).
  • Level 3 – Inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (that is, unobserved inputs)

Management considers that the carrying amounts of financial assets and financial liabilities recognised at amortised cost in the financial statements approximate their fair values due to the short maturity period.

Reconciliation of liabilities arising from financing activities

The below table details changes in the Company’s liabilities arising from financing activities, including both cash and non-cash changes:

Financial Instruments and risk management Table 3
Foreign currency risk management

The Company undertakes certain transactions denominated in foreign currencies and hence exposed to risks on exchange rate fluctuations. The Company uses currency forwards to mitigate its financial risks on foreign exchange rates. The use of financial derivatives is governed by the Company’s policies, which provide written principles on the use of financial derivatives consistent with the Company’s risk management strategy. The Company does not use derivative financial instruments for speculative purposes.

Majority of foreign currency receivable/payable balances are in US$ which is pegged against QR. Therefore, these receivable/payable balances are not exposed to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuation risk. The Company has an insignificant amount of receivable/payable balances in Euro and other currencies where effect of any 10% increase/decrease in foreign exchange rates is expected to be equal and opposite to QR 0.8 million.

Interest rate risk management

The Company has no interest bearing loans or receivables being a Sharia compliant business.

Profit rate on Wakala contract

The Company is liable to pay profit on Wakala contract at an anticipated profit rate which is computed based on six month LIBOR. Every one percent rise or fall in LIBOR rates would increase or reduce the total profit of the Company for the financial period by QR 8.3 million (31 December 2017: QR 6.3 million).

Credit risk management

Credit risk refers to the risk that the counterparty will default on its contractual obligations resulting in financial loss to the Company. The Company’s exposure and the creditworthiness of its counterparties are continuously monitored and the aggregate value of transactions concluded is spread amongst approved counterparties. Credit exposure is controlled by counterparty limits that are reviewed and approved by management

Furthermore, the Company reviews the recoverable amount of each trade debt and debt investment on an individual basis at the end of the reporting period to ensure that adequate loss allowance is made for irrecoverable amounts. In this regard, the directors of the Company consider that the Company’s credit risk is significantly reduced. Trade receivables consist of a large number of customers. Ongoing credit evaluation is performed on the financial condition of accounts receivable.

The Company does not have significant credit risk exposure to any single counterparty or any group of counterparties having similar characteristics. The Company defines counterparties as having similar characteristics if they are related entities.

The credit risk on liquid funds is limited because the counterparties are banks with high credit-ratings assigned by international credit-rating agencies.

Movement in provision for expected credit losses account is presented in note 14.

The following table presents ageing of trade receivables (gross):

Financial Instruments and risk management Table 4

Exposure to credit risk

The carrying amount of financial assets represents the maximum credit exposure. The maximum exposure to credit risk at the reporting date is:

Financial Instruments and risk management Table 5
Liquidity risk management

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Company will not be able to meet its financial obligations as they fall due. The Company’s approach to managing liquidity is to ensure, as far as possible, that it will always have sufficient liquidity to meet its liabilities when due, under both normal and stressed conditions, without incurring unacceptable losses or risking damage to the Company’s reputation.

The Company manages liquidity risk by maintaining adequate reserves and adequate Wakala contract, by continuously monitoring forecast and actual cash flows and matching the maturity profiles of financial assets and liabilities.

The table below analyses the Company’s financial liabilities based on the remaining period at the reporting date to the contractual maturity date. The amounts disclosed in the table are the contractual undiscounted cash flows. Balances due within 12 months equal their carrying balances as the impact of discounting is not significant.

Financial Instruments and risk management Table 6

26. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

Commitments

Operating lease commitments
The Company has entered into commercial leases on certain properties, network infrastructure, motor vehicles, and items of equipment. The leases have various terms, escalation clauses, and renewal rights. Future lease payments comprise:

Commitments and Contingent Liabilities Table 3

Performance bonds
Performance bonds require the Company to make payments to third parties in the event that the Company does not perform what is expected of it under the terms of any related contracts.

Tender bonds
This comprise bonds submitted at the time of submission of tenders.

Credit and payment guarantees – third party indebtedness
Credit guarantees comprise guarantees and indemnity of bank or other facilities.

27. CRITICAL ACCOUNTING JUDGMENTS AND KEY SOURCES OF ESTIMATION UNCERTAINTY

The Company prepares its financial statements in accordance with IFRS as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, the application of which often requires judgments to be made by management when formulating the Company’s financial position and results. Under IFRS, the directors are required to adopt those accounting policies most appropriate to the Company’s circumstances for the purpose of presenting fairly the Company’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows.

In determining and applying accounting policies, judgment is often required in respect of items where the choice of specific policy, accounting estimate or assumption to be followed could materially affect the reported results or net asset position of the Company should it later be determined that a different choice would be more appropriate.

Management considers the accounting estimates and assumptions discussed below to be its critical accounting estimates and accordingly provide an explanation of each below. The discussion below should also be read in conjunction with the Company’s disclosure of significant IFRS accounting policies, which is provided in note 3 to the financial statements.

Impairment reviews

IFRS requires management to undertake an annual test for impairment of indefinite lived assets and, for finite lived assets, to test for impairment if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable.

Impairment testing is an area involving management judgment, requiring assessment as to whether the carrying value of assets can be supported by the net present value of future cash flows derived from such assets using cash flow projections which have been discounted at an appropriate rate. In calculating the net present value of the future cash flows, certain assumptions are required to be made in respect of highly uncertain matters, including management’s expectations of:

  • growth in earnings before financing income/costs, tax, depreciation and amortisation, calculated as adjusted operating profit before depreciation and amortisation;
  • timing and quantum of future capital expenditure;
  • long term growth rates;
  • expected costs to renew the license; and
  • the selection of discount rates to reflect the risks involved.

The Company prepares and the Board of Directors approves formal five year plans for its business and the Company uses these as the basis for its impairment reviews. In estimating the value in use, the Company uses a discrete period of 5 years where a long term growth rate into perpetuity has been determined as the lower of:
- The nominal GDP rates for the country of operation; and
- The compound annual growth rate in earnings before financing income/costs, tax, depreciation and amortisation.

Changing the assumptions selected by management, in particular the discount rate and growth rate assumptions used in the cash flow projections, could significantly affect the Company’s impairment evaluation and hence results. The discount rate used in the most recent value in use calculation for the year ended 31 December 2018 was 9.3% (31 December 2017: 9.9%) and the long-term growth rate was 2.5% (31 December 2017: 2.5%). The management has considered the renewal costs of license as percentage of the future expected revenues.

Based on the results of the test, the management has concluded that no impairment is required. The results are sensitive to changes in the following assumptions. With all individual inputs constant, an increase in pre-tax discount rate by 4.2 pps or decrease in terminal EBITDA margin by 15.7 pps or decrease in long term growth rate by 7 pps, would bring the headroom to zero. Any further decline would suggest an impairment, since the recoverable amount would be lower than carrying amount of long term assets net of working capital (excluding cash) of the Company.

Revenue recognition

Acquisition revenue is amortized over maximum lock in period of the customer which is three months in the State of Qatar.

The Company give its customers the option to return the handsets within a period of 7 days of purchase. Keeping in view the negligible numbers of returns in the history, no provision is made with regard to return of goods sold.

The Company operates a loyalty programme through which retail customers accumulate points on purchases of goods and services that entitle them to discounts on future purchases. As per customer loyalty program, reward points to the extent of 2% of the revenue are provided to the customers. Based on history, Management estimates that only 25% of the customers opt to redeem these points.

Revenue presentation: gross versus net

When deciding the most appropriate basis for presenting revenue and costs of revenue, both the legal form and substance of the agreement between the Company and its business partners are reviewed to determine each party’s respective role in the transaction.

Where the Company’s role in a transaction is that of principal, revenue is recognised on a gross basis. This requires revenue to comprise the gross value of the transaction billed to the customer, after trade discounts, with any related expenditure charged as an operating cost. Where the Company’s role in a transaction is that of an agent, revenue is recognised on a net basis, with revenue representing the margin earned. Transit revenue is recognised on a gross basis as the Company assumes credit risk and acts as a principal in the transactions.

Estimation of useful life

The useful life used to amortise intangible assets relates to the future performance of the assets acquired and management’s judgement of the period over which economic benefit will be derived from the asset. The basis for determining the useful life for the most significant categories of intangible assets is as follows:

Licence
The estimated useful life is generally the term of the licence unless there is a presumption of renewal at negligible cost. Using the licence term reflects the period over which the Company will receive economic benefit. For technology specific licences with a presumption of renewal at negligible cost, the estimated useful economic life reflects the Company’s expectation of the period over which the Company will continue to receive economic benefit from the licence. The economic lives are periodically reviewed taking into consideration such factors as changes in technology.

Property, plant and equipment
Property, plant and equipment represent a significant proportion of the asset base of the Company being 20% (31 December 2017: 19.3%) of the Company’s total assets. Therefore, the estimates and assumptions made to determine their carrying value and related depreciation are critical to the Company’s financial position and performance.

The charge in respect of periodic depreciation is derived after determining an estimate of an asset’s expected useful life and the expected residual value at the end of its life. Increasing an asset’s expected life or its residual value would result in a reduced depreciation charge in the statement of income.

The useful lives and residual values of the Company’s assets are determined by management at the time the asset is acquired and reviewed annually for appropriateness. The lives are based on historical experience with similar assets as well as anticipation of future events, which may impact their life, such as changes in technology.

Impairment of inventories

Inventories are held at the lower of cost and net realisable value. When inventories become old or obsolete, an estimate is made of their net realisable value. Inventories which are old or obsolete, are assessed collectively and a provision applied according to the inventory type and the degree of ageing or obsolescence, based on historical selling prices.

Asset retirement obligation

A provision for asset retirement obligation exists where the Company has a legal or constructive obligation to remove an infrastructure asset and restore the site. Asset retirement obligation is recorded at the present value of expected costs to settle the obligation using estimated cash flows and is recognised as part of the particular asset. The cash flows are discounted at the rate that reflects the risk specific to the asset retirement obligation.

Subsequent to initial recognition, an unwinding expense relating to the provision is periodically recognised as a financing cost.

While the provision is based on the best estimate of future costs and the useful lives of infrastructure assets, there is uncertainty regarding both the amount and timing of incurrence of these costs. Any subsequent change in the present value of the estimated cost due to changes in the gross removal costs or discount rates, is dealt with prospectively as a change in accounting estimate and reflected as an adjustment to the provision and a corresponding adjustment to the infrastructure assets.

Expected credit losses

An estimate of the collectible amount of trade receivables is made when collection of the full amount is no longer probable. For individually significant amounts, this estimation is performed on an individual basis. Amounts which are not individually significant, but which are past due, are assessed collectively and a provision applied according to the length of time the amount has been due.

Calculation of loss allowance
When measuring ECL, the Company uses reasonable and supportable forward looking information, which is based on assumptions for the future movement of different economic drivers and how these drivers will affect each other.

Loss given default is an estimate of the loss arising on default. It is based on the difference between the contractual cash flows due and those that the lender would expect to receive, taking into account cash flows from collateral and integral credit enhancements.

Probability of default constitutes a key input in measuring ECL. Probability of default is an estimate of the likelihood of default over a given time horizon, the calculation of which includes historical data, assumptions and expectations of future conditions.

If the ECL rates on trade receivables between 61 and 90 days past due had been 5% higher (or lower) as of 31 December 2018, the loss allowance on trade receivables would have been QR 0.5 million higher (or lower).

If the ECL rates on trade receivables between 31 and 60 days past due had been 5% higher (or lower) as of 31 December 2018, the loss allowance on trade receivables would have been QR 0.8 million higher (or lower).

28. APPLICATION OF NEW AND REVISED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (IFRSs)

New and amended standards adopted by the Company

The Company has applied the following standards and amendments for the first time for their annual reporting period commencing 1 January 2018:

  • IFRS 9 Financial Instruments
  • IFRS 15 Revenue from contracts with customers
  • IFRIC 22 Foreign Currency Transactions and Advance Consideration

Impact of adoption of these standards is as under:

Impact of initial application of IFRS 9 Financial Instruments

Impact of initial application of IFRS 9 Financial Instruments

Additionally, the Company adopted consequential amendments to IFRS 7 Financial Instruments.

IFRS 9 introduced new requirements for:

  • a. The classification and measurement of financial assets and financial liabilities,
  • b. Impairment of financial assets, and
  • c. General hedge accounting.

Details of these new requirements as well as their impact on the Company’s financial statements are described below.

The Company has applied IFRS 9 in accordance with the transition provisions set out in IFRS 9.

(a) Classification and measurement of financial assets
The date of initial application (i.e. the date on which the Company has assessed its existing financial assets and financial liabilities in terms of the requirements of IFRS 9) is 1 January 2018. Accordingly, the Company has applied the requirements of IFRS 9 to instruments that continue to be recognised as at 1 January 2018 and has not applied the requirements to instruments that have already been derecognised as at 1 January 2018.

All recognised financial assets that are within the scope of IFRS 9 are required to be measured subsequently at amortised cost or fair value on the basis of the entity’s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial assets.

Specifically:

  • debt instruments that are held within a business model whose objective is to collect the contractual cash flows, and that have contractual cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding, are measured subsequently at amortised cost;
  • debt instruments that are held within a business model whose objective is both to collect the contractual cash flows and to sell the debt instruments, and that have contractual cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding, are measured subsequently at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI);
  • all other debt investments and equity investments are measured subsequently at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL).

Despite the aforegoing, the Company may make the following irrevocable election/designation at initial recognition of a financial asset:

  • the Company may irrevocably elect to present subsequent changes in fair value of an equity investment that is neither held for trading nor contingent consideration recognised by an acquirer in a business combination in other comprehensive income; and
  • the Company may irrevocably designate a debt investment that meets the amortised cost or FVTOCI criteria as measured at FVTPL if doing so eliminates or significantly reduces an accounting mismatch.

In the current year, the Company has not designated any debt investments that meet the amortised cost or FVTOCI criteria as measured at FVTPL.

When a debt investment measured at FVTOCI is derecognised, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in other comprehensive income is reclassified from equity to profit or loss as a reclassification adjustment. When an equity investment designated as measured at FVTOCI is derecognised, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in other comprehensive income is subsequently transferred to retained earnings.

Debt instruments that are measured subsequently at amortised cost or at FVTOCI are subject to impairment.

The management of the Company reviewed and assessed the Company’s existing financial assets as at 1 January 2018 based on the facts and circumstances that existed at that date and concluded that the initial application of IFRS 9 has had the following impact on the Company’s financial assets as regards their classification and measurement:

  • receivables under IAS 39 that were measured at amortised cost continue to be measured at amortised cost under IFRS 9 as they are held within a business model to collect contractual cash flows and these cash flows consist solely of payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

None of the reclassifications of financial assets have had any impact on the Company’s financial position, profit or loss, other comprehensive income or total comprehensive income for the year.

(b) Impairment of financial assets
In relation to the impairment of financial assets, IFRS 9 requires an expected credit loss model as opposed to an incurred credit loss model under IAS 39. The expected credit loss model requires the Company to account for expected credit losses and changes in those expected credit losses at each reporting date to reflect changes in credit risk since initial recognition of the financial assets. In other words, it is no longer necessary for a credit event to have occurred before credit losses are recognised.

Specifically, IFRS 9 requires the Company to recognise a loss allowance for expected credit losses on:

  1. Debt investments measured subsequently at amortised cost or at FVTOCI;
  2. Lease receivables;
  3. Trade receivables and contract assets; and
  4. Financial guarantee contracts to which the impairment requirements of IFRS 9 apply.

In particular, IFRS 9 requires the Company to measure the loss allowance for a financial instrument at an amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses (“ECL”) if the credit risk on that financial instrument has increased significantly since initial recognition, or if the financial instrument is a purchased or originated credit‑impaired financial asset. However, if the credit risk on a financial instrument has not increased significantly since initial recognition (except for a purchased or originated credit‑impaired financial asset), the Company is required to measure the loss allowance for that financial instrument at an amount equal to 12‑months ECL. IFRS 9 also requires a simplified approach for measuring the loss allowance at an amount equal to lifetime ECL for trade receivables, contract assets and lease receivables in certain circumstances.

Because the Company has elected not to restate comparatives, for the purpose of assessing whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition of financial instruments that remain recognised on the date of initial application of IFRS 9 (i.e. 1 January 2018), the requirement of comparing the credit risk of the respective financial instruments on the date of their initial recognition to their credit risk as at 1 January 2018 stand not applicable. Any adjustments to the carrying amounts of financial assets and liabilities at transition date were recognized in the opening balances of accumulated losses.

The net impact of IFRS 9 adoption on 1 January 2018 was a decrease in the accumulated losses by QR 2.87 million as a result of implementing the expected credit loss model.

(c) Classification and measurement of financial liabilities
A significant change introduced by IFRS 9 in the classification and measurement of financial liabilities relates to the accounting for changes in the fair value of a financial liability designated as at FVTPL attributable to changes in the credit risk of the issuer.

Specifically, IFRS 9 requires that the changes in the fair value of the financial liability that is attributable to changes in the credit risk of that liability be presented in other comprehensive income, unless the recognition of the effects of changes in the liability’s credit risk in other comprehensive income would create or enlarge an accounting mismatch in profit or loss. Changes in fair value attributable to a financial liability’s credit risk are not subsequently reclassified to profit or loss, but are instead transferred to retained earnings when the financial liability is derecognised.

Previously, under IAS 39, the entire amount of the change in the fair value of the financial liability designated as at FVTPL was presented in profit or loss.

This change in accounting policy has not affected the Company’s accounting for such changes. Apart from the above, the application of IFRS 9 has had no impact on the classification and measurement of the Company’s financial liabilities.

(d) Disclosures in relation to the initial application of IFRS 9
There were no financial assets or financial liabilities which the Company had previously designated as at FVTPL under IAS 39 that were subject to reclassification or which the Company has elected to reclassify upon the application of IFRS 9. There were no financial assets or financial liabilities which the Company has elected to designate as at FVTPL at the date of initial application of IFRS 9.

The table below explains the classification and measurement of financial assets and financial liabilities under IFRS 9 and IAS 39 at the date of initial application, 1 January 2018.

APPLICATION OF NEW AND REVISED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (IFRSs) Table 1

Financial liabilities of the Company were not impacted upon adoption of IFRS 9.

Impact of application of IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers

In the current year, the Company has applied IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (as amended in April 2016) which is mandatorily effective for an accounting periods that begins on or after 1 January 2018. IFRS 15 introduced a 5-step approach to revenue recognition. Details of the new requirements as well as their impact on the Company’s financial statements are described below.

The Company has applied IFRS 15 in accordance with the modified retrospective transitional approach with a cumulative effect of initially applying this standard as an adjustment to equity as permitted by IFRS 15.C3(b). The Company has also used the practical expedients for completed contracts in IFRS 15.C5(a), and (b), for modified contracts in IFRS 15.C5(c) and IFRS 15.C5(d) allowing both non-disclosure of the amount of the transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations, and an explanation of when it expects to recognise that amount as revenue for all reporting periods presented before the date of initial application, i.e. 1 January 2018

IFRS 15 uses the terms ‘contract asset’ and ‘contract liability’ to describe what might more commonly be known as ‘accrued revenue’ and ‘deferred revenue’, however the Standard does not prohibit an entity from using alternative descriptions in the statement of financial position. The Company has adopted the terminology used in IFRS 15 to describe such balances.

The Company’s accounting policies for its revenue streams are disclosed in detail in note 3. Apart from providing more extensive disclosures for the Company’s revenue transactions, the application of IFRS 15 has not had a material impact on the financial position and/or financial performance of the Company.

IFRS 15 establishes a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. IFRS 15 supersedes the earlier revenue recognition guidance including IAS 18 Revenue, IAS 11 Construction Contracts and the related interpretations upon becoming effective. The core principle of IFRS 15 is that an entity should recognise revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Specifically, the standard introduces a 5-step approach to revenue recognition:

  • Step 1: Identify the contract(s) with a customer.
  • Step 2: Identify the performance obligations in the contract.
  • Step 3: Determine the transaction price.
  • Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract.
  • Step 5: Recognise revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.

Under IFRS 15, an entity recognises when (or as) a performance obligation is satisfied, i.e. when ‘control’ of the goods or services underlying the particular performance obligation is transferred to the customer. Far more prescriptive guidance has been added in IFRS 15 to deal with specific scenarios and extensive disclosures are required by IFRS 15. In April 2016, the IASB issued Clarifications to IFRS 15 in relation to the identification of performance obligations, principal versus agent considerations, as well as licensing application guidance. The impact of the revenue standard for the Company is as follows:

Determination of Distinct Performance Obligations (POs) Sale of SIM Cards

Sale of SIM cards does not represent a distinct PO to connect the customers to Vodafone network and therefore revenue is deferred and recognised over time over the maximum lock in period of three months.

Recognition of revenue upon satisfaction of performance obligation

As mentioned above, major change brought by IFRS 15 was the recognition of revenue only upon the transfer of particular performance obligation to the customer. The Company historically had been following this principal of deferring the revenue for the unperformed performance obligation and therefore, the change has not had any impact on the company revenue recognition.

Adjustment to the transaction price
Adjustment of significant financing component

Significant financing component exists if the timing of payments agreed to by the parties to the contract (either explicitly or implicitly) provides the customer or the Company with a significant benefit of financing the transfer of goods or services to the customer. In such circumstances, the contract contains a significant financing component. The Company do not have arrangements to provide equipment and/or devices on instalment plans. Hence, adjustment of significant financing component on such arrangements stands not applicable on the Company.

Allocating the transaction price

Allocation based on the ratio of relative Standalone Selling Price (“SSP”) of distinct performance obligations (“PO”):

The transaction price is allocated between POs based on relative SSP as determined at contract inception. Since the amount of revenue recognised for distinct POs will often be dependent on the relative SSP, the determination of appropriate SSP is critical. The SSP of a performance obligation is the observable price for the good or service sold by the Company in similar circumstances to similar customers.

Contract cost- costs to acquire and cost to fulfil a contract

The Company recognize the incremental cost of obtaining contracts over the customer lock in period i.e., 3 months.

While applying IFRS 15, the Company has elected not to restate comparative figures and any adjustments to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities at transition date to be recognized in the opening balance of accumulated losses.

Impact of cumulative catch up adjustment on opening retained earnings:
APPLICATION OF NEW AND REVISED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (IFRSs) Table 2

28.1 Adjustment made to spread acquisition revenue from customers over the maximum lock in period

28.2 Adjustment made to spread acquisition revenue from customers over the maximum lock in period

The Company has elected modified retrospective approach and the cumulative effect of initially applying IFRS 15 is recognised in opening retaining earnings as at 1 January 2018 and comparative periods are not restated.

Further, the Company has disclosed below the impact of changes to the line items in statement of financial position without adoption of IFRS 15:

Impact on the statement of financial position
APPLICATION OF NEW AND REVISED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (IFRSs) Table 3

The Company has not applied the following new and revised IFRS Standards that have been issued but are not yet effective:

New and revised IFRSs Effective annual periods beginning on or after
IFRS 16 Leases 1 January 2019
Annual Improvements to IFRSs 2015–2017 Cycle amending IFRS 3 Business Combinations, IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements, IAS 12 Income Taxes and IAS 23 Borrowing costs. 1 January 2019
IFRIC 23 Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments 1 January 2019
Amendments in IFRS 9 Financial Instruments relating to prepayment features with negative compensation. 1 January 2019
Amendment to IAS 19 Employee Benefits relating to amendment, curtailment or settlement of a defined benefit plan 1 January 2019
Amendments in IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures relating to long-term interests in associates and joint ventures. 1 January 2019
Amendments to References to the Conceptual Framework in IFRS Standards - amendments to IFRS 2, IFRS 3, IFRS 6, IFRS 14, IAS 1, IAS 8, IAS 34, IAS 37, IAS 38, IFRIC 12, IFRIC 19, IFRIC 20, IFRIC 22, and SIC-32 to update those pronouncements with regard to references to and quotes from the framework or to indicate where they refer to a different version of the Conceptual Framework 1 January 2020
Amendment to IFRS 3 Business Combinations relating to definition of a business 1 January 2020
Amendments to IAS 1 and IAS 8 relating to definition of material 1 January 2020
IFRS 17 Insurance Contracts 1 January 2021
Amendments to IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements and IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures (2011) relating to the treatment of the sale or contribution of assets from and investor to its associate or joint venture. Effective date deferred indefinitely. Adoption is still permitted.

Management anticipates that these new standards, interpretations and amendments will be adopted in the Company’s financial statements as and when they are applicable and adoption of these new standards, interpretations and amendments, except for IFRS 16 as highlighted in next paragraphs, may have no material impact on the financial statements of the Company in the period of initial application.

IFRS 16 Leases

IFRS 16 Leases (Annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019): The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) has published a new standard, IFRS 16 Leases. The new standard brings most leases on-balance sheet for lessees under a single model, eliminating the distinction between operating and finance leases. Lessor accounting however remains largely unchanged and the distinction between operating and finance leases is retained. IFRS 16 supersedes IAS 17 Leases'and related interpretations and is effective for periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019, with earlier adoption permitted if IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers has also been applied.

IFRS 16 is expected to have a significant impact on the financial statements of the Company by increasing the reported assets and liabilities for the existing operating leases, particularly relating to leased network assets (base stations, leased lines), IT network (data centers) and property leases (stores and offices). The Company is currently in the process of finalising the impact assessment.

29. RECLASSIFICATION

The comparative amounts have been reclassified, where necessary, in order to conform to the current year’s presentation. Such reclassification do not affect the previously reported net profits, net assets or equity.

Below are the reclassifications:

RECLASSIFICATION Table 1

30. SHARIA COMPLIANCE

Governance

The sharia advisor of the Company is a scholar who is specialised in sharia principles and ensures the Company’s compliance with general Islamic principles and work in accordance with issued Fatwas and guiding rules. The advisor’s review includes examining the evidence related to documents and procedures adopted by the Company in order to ensure that the activities are according to principles of Islamic sharia.

Zakah

Zakah is directly borne by the shareholders. The Company does not collect or pay Zakah on behalf of its shareholders.